Part 1

As I said before, I will try to break down the Arabic Alphabets into small unites. This will make learning how to write and read a bit easier. Today, I will focus on the following:
6 letters with their pronunciation
When and how to join these letters
And as an exercise, you will be given a set of words to read and write. Ready? Let’s go

Alif

This is the trickiest and the most common letter of the alphabet.
At the beginning of a word, it may function like a short vowel like a or i or u
In the middle of a word, a long vowel sound ā
At the end of a few words like a short a
ا Alif is the so called “ disjointed” letter. This means it is never joined to the following letter.

Alif maddaor Alif mamdoda آ

This Alif with a stroke on it represents a long ā. Try to practice writing it just like in the image blow.

Letters ب ت ث

B, t and th ( just like in three / think) are “joined” to any letter following them in the same word. Please do remember the 3 letters are identical but for the dots. These dots are integral part of the letter, just like they are in English i, or j or even the german ü.
Here is an exercise for you to practise.

حرف النون نـــــ ن

This letter has a short form used at the beginning or the middle of a word and a full form used at the end of the word or when the word stands alone. The dot is an integral part of the letter.
Try to write as many example of the letter nun like bellow.

Letter ya يـــــ ي

The “joined” letter ya represent

At the beginning of a word = the consonant y like in the word year.
In the middle of a word: either like y or the long vowel i, or the vowel combination ay like in day.
At the end of a word : the long vowel i.

The letter ya is never pronounced like the vowel sound y in English my. Here is how we write it.

Cheerz